Premature babies, especially in the first months of life, the disease occur originally. Symptoms of many diseases [ru] and fuzzy weakly expressed at normal temperature. If you have a premature baby fever, the reason for this we must first seek to overheating. Since immunity in premature infants sharply reduced, the various diseases they may take a protracted course, complicated by septic phenomena.
The most frequent diseases in these children in the first months of life are the flu, ear infection, pneumonia and diarrhea. In the first days of life, premature infants are particularly susceptible to the intracranial and spinal bleeding, as well as bleeding in the lungs, skin, adrenal glands, etc. Particular care should be protected from influenza. At a time of influenza epidemics to the child can be approached only in the mask or gauze bandage. If the mother is sick with influenza, the child should be fed expressed breast milk, and after recovery feeding mother should wear a mask.
Often in premature infants develop diseases such as anemia and rickets. Anemia occurs from the end of the first and beginning of the second month of life. With good care and proper diet anemic phenomena tend to disappear by 6-7 months of age. Specific prevention of rickets should start with 2 weeks of age: 2-2.5 months to provide 1,000 units of vitamin D a day, and in the future to 4000-6000 units. Fish oil yield from 2 months, first in drops, and by 4-5 months to 1 teaspoon 1-2 times a day. To prevent rickets also shown exposure mercury-quartz lamp. Timely prevention of rickets but not always warns his appearance, but provides a mild course of disease.